Foundations Of Yoga, Part 1: Yama And Niyama}

August 19th, 2017 by

Foundations of Yoga, Part 1: Yama and Niyama


Swami Nirmalananda

Prerequisites for yoga

“Knowledge (Jnana) does not come about from practice of yoga methods alone. Perfection in knowledge is in fact only for those who begin by practice of virtue (dharma). Yet, without yoga as a means, knowledge does not come about. The practice of yogic methods is not the means by itself, yet it is only out of that practice of yoga that the perfection in knowledge comes about. And so it is said by the teachers: ‘Yoga is for the purpose of knowledge of truth'” Thus wrote Shankara.

All things rest upon something else-that is, all things are supported by another. This is because a foundation is needed for anything to exist. Being Himself the Ultimate Support of all things, God alone is free from this necessity. Yoga, then, also requires support. As Trevor Leggett says in his introduction to Shankara’s commentary on the Yoga Sutras: “This is yoga presented for the man of the world, who must first clear, and then steady, his mind against the fury of illusory passions, and free his life from entanglements.” Patanjali very carefully and fully outlines the elements of the support needed by the aspirant, giving invaluable information on how to guarantee success in yoga.

The first Yoga Sutra says: “Now the exposition of yoga,” implying that there must be something leading up to yoga in the form of necessary developments of consciousness and personality. These prerequisites may be thought of as the Pillars of Yoga, and are known as Yama and Niyama.

Yama and Niyama

Yama and Niyama are often called “the Ten Commandments of Yoga.” Each one of these Five Don’ts (Yama) and Five Do’s (Niyama) is a supporting, liberating Pillar of Yoga. Yama means self-restraint in the sense of self-mastery, or abstention, and consists of five elements. Niyama means observances, of which there are also five. Here is the complete list of these ten Pillars as given in Yoga Sutras 2:30,32:

1) Ahimsa: non-violence, non-injury, harmlessness

2) Satya: truthfulness, honesty

3) Asteya: non-stealing, honesty, non-misappropriativeness

4) Brahmacharya: sexual continence in thought, word and deed as well as control of all the senses

5) Aparigraha: non-possessiveness, non-greed, non-selfishness, non-acquisitiveness

6) Shaucha: purity, cleanliness

7) Santosha: contentment, peacefulness

8) Tapas: austerity, practical (i.e., result-producing) spiritual discipline

9) Swadhyaya: introspective self-study, spiritual study

10) Ishwarapranidhana: offering of one’s life to God

All of these deal with the innate powers of the human being-or rather with the abstinence and observance that will develop and release those powers to be used toward our spiritual perfection, to our self-realization and liberation.

These ten restraints (yama) and observances (niyama) are not optional for the aspiring yogi-or for the most advanced yogi, either. Shankara states quite forcefully that “following yama and niyama is the basic qualification to practice yoga.” Mere desire and aspiration for the goal of yoga is not enough, so he continues: “The qualification is not simply that one wants to practice yoga, for the sacred text says: ‘But he who has not first turned away from his wickedness, who is not tranquil and subdued, or whose mind is not at rest, he can never obtain the Self by knowledge.’ (Katha Upanishad 1.2.24) And in the Atharva text: ‘It is in those who have tapas [strong discipline] and brahmacharya [chastity] that truth is established.’ (Prashna Upanishad 1:15)And in the Gita: ‘Firm in their vow of brahmacharya.’ (Bhagavad Gita 6:14) So yama and niyama are methods of yoga” in themselves and are not mere adjuncts or aids that can be optional.

But at the same time, the practice of yoga helps the aspiring yogi to follow the necessary ways of yama and niyama, so he should not be discouraged from taking up yoga right now, thinking that he should wait till he is “ready” or has “cleaned up his act” to practice yoga. No. He should determinedly embark on yama, niyama, and yoga simultaneously. Success will be his.Swami Nirmalananda Giri

is the abbot of Atma Jyoti Ashram, a traditional Hindu monastery in the small desert town of Borrego Springs in southern California. He has written extensively on spirituality, especially about

yoga and meditation

and the

inner, practical side of the world’s religions

. More of his writings may be found at the Ashram’s website,


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Foundations of Yoga, Part 1: Yama and Niyama


New York couple keeps Indonesian women as slaves

August 19th, 2017 by

Wednesday, May 16, 2007

In Long Island, New York, a millionaire couple has been arrested after keeping two Indonesian women as slaves for at least five years.

According to federal prosecutors, the two women were beaten and tortured by Nassau County couple Varsha Mahender Sabhnani, 35, and her husband Mahender Murlidhar Sabhnani, 51, and were kept from leaving the house unless it was to take out the trash. Both women are legal immigrants who migrated to the United States back in 2002. Since receiving the jobs, both women had their passports taken away from them by the Sabhnanis.

“No one would ever think that human beings were being brought into the United States and held for slave labor, and beaten, and tortured in a beautiful mansion right here in one of the most exclusive neighbourhoods on Long Island,” said Demetri Jones, a prosecutor in the case.

Authorities say that the women had scalding hot water poured on them, were forced to take as many as 30 showers in a three hour period, were made to run up and down flights of stairs, and one of the women was forced to eat “25 extremely hot chilli peppers.” All the “punishments” were in response to not completing work properly. The women also said that they had to hide food from “their captors” because the Sabhnani’s did not feed them enough.

Police were alerted to the situation when they found one of the women walking around the city wearing only a towel and a pair of pants.

Both women were promised by the couple to receive at least USD$100 to USD$200 for their work, but according to prosecutors, the couple paid only USD$100 a month, which was sent to one of the women’s daughters who lives in Indonesia.

The women are only identified as Samirah and Nona.

The couple will face charges of keeping people against their will. They are reported to be running a perfume business from their Long Island home.

Google cancels company-wide meeting after employees outed on Breitbart

August 19th, 2017 by

Friday, August 11, 2017

The multi-billion-dollar tech giant Google has cancelled a company-wide town hall meeting scheduled for Thursday out of concerns for its employees’ safety after several were doxxed on a conservative news outlet. The purpose of the meeting had been to discuss a ten-page memo in which one of their software engineers criticized the company’s diversity program and claimed the gender gap was attributable to natural differences between men and women.

Earlier this week, screenshots of Google employees’ internal conversations appeared on Breitbart News, complete with their real names and avatar photos. Some of the posts included talk of blacklisting Googlers who expressed anti-diversity views but others simply discussed the memo. On Twitter account supportive of the memo called for Google employees to publicly identify pro-diversity coworkers and “ruin their lives.” Many of Google’s employees, including its chief diversity and inclusion officer Danielle Brown, have received harassing messages on Twitter.

The alt-right news agency is the most widely read conservative news outlet in the United States, and it has a history of aggression against liberal politicians, organizations and causes. Early in its history, Breitbart posted a heavily edited video making it appear as though Shirley Shirrod of the United States Department of Agriculture was making racist comments. She was fired. The unedited video later showed she had been refuting racist comments. A similar highly edited video about the Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now made it appear as though its members were teaching people how to establish brothels.

Google CEO Sundar Pichai cancelled the meeting by company email: “We had hoped to have a frank, open discussion today as we always do to bring us together and move forward,” he wrote. “But our Dory questions appeared externally this afternoon, and on some websites Googlers are now being named personally. … Googlers are writing in, concerned about their safety and worried they may be ‘outed’ publicly for asking a question.” Dory is Google’s internal messaging system, which had been handling hundreds of questions about harassment within the company and other issues meant to have been addressed at the meeting.

Last week, a Google software engineer named James Damore circulated a memo in which he criticized Google’s diversity programs and claimed the company was closed-minded when it came to conservative ideas. Among other things, he attributed the under-representation of women in Google’s tech jobs to biological differences. He was fired on Monday.

“Google’s left bias has created a politically correct monoculture that maintains its hold by shaming dissenters into silence,” reads the memo, and later on, “I’m simply stating that the distribution of preferences and abilities of men and women differ in part due to biological causes and that these differences may explain why we don’t see equal representation of women in tech and leadership.” He then goes on to claim there are more men in leadership positions because men are judged based on status.

Since then, there has been a great deal of interest in Damore on sites such as Breitbart News and the subReddit KotakuInAction.

In 2016, Google disclosed that 20% of its tech positions are held by women. The national average for the U.S. is 26%. Google has been accused of underpaying female employees by the U.S. Department of Labor.


Controversial medical center demolished in Buffalo, New York

August 19th, 2017 by

Saturday, May 26, 2007

A medical center, once the site of intense controversy over abortion in the 1990s, which has been vacant for nearly 10 years, was imploded in Buffalo, New York at 6:00 a.m. [eastern time] today.

Several streets in about a 2 block radius were shut down until the implosion occurred and the dust settled. At least 200 people watched in nearby parking lots and on rooftops of buildings to get a good look at the implosion.

The ground and the walls of buildings shook as the dynamite detonated and a brief shock wave could be felt as far as 1 1/2 blocks away. Witnesses even reported small pieces of bricks and concrete falling out of some buildings, but no one was injured.

The building, owned by Kaleida Health, once housed several medical offices, including an abortion clinic. Hundreds of people protested about the abortions outside the center during the Spring of Life Movement in 1992, but other medical procedures and treatments were also part of the center’s services. It was built in 1965 and was 14 floors tall.

Kaleida Health had the building imploded so that the current Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus can be expanded. Several other major medical facilities are also in the same area including Roswell Cancer Institute and Buffalo General Hospital.

“This implosion of 50 High Street will continue the explosion of growth on the Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus. This event will ensure future opportunity for investment, development and growth,” said the CEO and President of Kaleida Health in a statement on Thursday.


This article features first-hand journalism by Wikinews members. See the collaboration page for more details.
This article features first-hand journalism by Wikinews members. See the collaboration page for more details.

Make Your Feet Most Comfortable And Look Fashionable With Sheepskin Moccasins}

August 17th, 2017 by

Make your Feet most Comfortable and Look Fashionable with Sheepskin Moccasins


Susheel Tripathi

The Moccasins have a long history. They are the classic North American shoes. In the beginning, they were imported from Asia. Eventually, the style was adapted by Indian tribes and because of the climactic variation in North America different version of moccasins evolved. Its etymological history indicates that the word came from Algonquian language Powhatan. There makasin means shoe. There are different types of moccasins, but they can be broadly divided into hard sole and soft sole.

Hard sole moccasins are mainly worn by people living in western plains and desert areas of North America. They were mostly made of tough bison leather and designed to protect feet from the cactus, sharp rocks and prairie-grass.

Soft sole moccasins are mostly worn by people from Eastern forests of North America where the feet do not require much protection. They are often made of only one piece of leather. Sheepskin moccasins are built for comfort and practical wear and the wearer can easily feel the ground while they are on.

Sheepskin Moccasins Footwear

Sheepskin moccasins foot-wears are very strong. The long lasting material is another positive factor of these moccasins.

Sheepskin Moccasins slippers for Women

Women moccasins slippers are extraordinary and glamorous with excellent texture and offer great comfort. They are perfect for running in your garden as well as going to the grocery shop. The rigorous manufacturing process gives them a fabulous texture. They can be worn all day long. They are available in different colors and designs. They also have non-slip rubber sole. Sheepskin moccasin boots are also waterproof. They never make your feet perspire and keep them in normal temperature. They are soft and pliable. They never make your feet sore or you will never get a blister with them. Because of their flexibility they are ideal shoes for driving.

Sheepskin Moccasins slippers for Men

You will get a wide variety of sheepskin moccasins slippers for men, according to your taste. No matter what your style may be, there is always a comfortable pair for you. Sheepskin moccasin footwear for men can be worn all day long and they give you maximum comfort. Men moccasin slippers with rubber sole can be worn at home while carrying out your day to day work. They are available in different colors and designs. However, while buying them online, check the size properly so that you can enjoy hundred percent comfort while wearing them. An ill fit pair of moccasins will never be comfortable no matter how fashionable they look. Three reasons to buy a pair of moccasins are: Firstly, they are environment friendly and durable. Secondly, they are super comfortable and thirdly, they are extremely fashionable and stylish.

Sheepskin moccasins for men are available in a wide assortment of colors and designs and are just the moccasins needed to pamper your feet in luxury.Soft to touch, they feel wonderful when worn. These moccasins are made from natural sheepskin so they look fabulous and also serve as the perfect footwear. They keep you feel comfortable all day long. Their stylish look enables you to match them with trendy attire. The most fashionable men’s moccasins footwear is sheepskin slippers. The material protects your feet against weather elements by insulating it in winter and keeping it cool in summer.

Susheel Tripathi specializes in Internet Marketing/Digital Marketing and working with Veom Infotech. Currently, he writes for

Draper of Glastonbury

, buy fashionable and stylish

sheepskin moccasins

slippers, boots and footwear for both women and men at Draper of Glastonbury store. Available at best prices.

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News briefs:June 30, 2006

August 17th, 2017 by

The time is 20:00 (UTC) on June 30th, 2006, and this is Audio Wikinews News Briefs.


  • 1 Headlines
    • 1.1 Interior Ministry, Fatah offices in Gaza hit by Israeli airstrikes
    • 1.2 Palestinian PM: Israel aims to topple gov’t
    • 1.3 Portuguese Minister of Foreign Affairs Freitas do Amaral resigns
    • 1.4 French Parliament adopts controversial copyright bill
    • 1.5 Police crackdown on illegal tow operations in Sydney
    • 1.6 Amsterdam to open a “Chocolate Factory”
    • 1.7 Australian shot in Thailand
    • 1.8 Germany master penalties to beat Argentina to semi-final spot
    • 1.9 Ullrich and Sevilla suspended from Tour de France
  • 2 Closing statements


Da Vinci: Can You Decipher The Secret Code?}

August 15th, 2017 by

Submitted by: DeWayne Strickland

The international bestseller (The Da Vinci Code) by Dan Brown, has not only raised countless eyebrows, but could possibly make the Pope kick out a stain glass window! The thriller was extremely enjoyable to watch and it does prove digging back in the past, can be intriguing. I also, like do do some research of my own and I think you will find this article enlightening.

Robert Langdon (Tom Hanks), plays a professor who understands the symbols of the past and enjoys digging for the truth. Step by step he is drawn deeper into a mystery, that does not easily unfold before his eyes. Sophie Neveu(Audrey Tautou) plays a beautiful young woman, holding a powerful secret. Secret Societies have always stirred up curiosity with me and have that obscure cult like appearance.

Dan Brown is not the only one who has done some earth-shattering research, just take a look at this: Secrets of Angels Demons And Masons by Dan Burstein, Inside Secret Societies by by Michael Benson is a whistle blower on more than 150 of the worlds most exclusive secret societies. Skull & Bones, the Illuminati, the Knights Templar and their arch-enemies, the Assassins and youll be shocked by what goes on behind the closed doors of these secretive organizations.

There is a lot to be said for what one can dig up in Google. Are you asking the right questions? Are you digging deep and hard? Dan Brown brought up a lot of good points in the movie. One of them being many answers are in plain site. We like to see, what we want to see. We like to hear, what we want to hear. We all do different types and levels of research everyday. We research eBay to get the best deal, but is that as far as we go?

Many people are trying to crack codes everyday! Super Hackers keep security guards from sleeping at night. The serious hacker is not motivated by money or mayhem. He’s in it for the hack. What are you trying to crack? What type of knowledge do you wish you had? Many people are searching online to make money from the internet. Unfortunately, the information they find is misleading and all the money they spent to make a fortune online is lost!

The old saying that “success leaves clues” is correct. You may have to spend money and lose money to gain this internet marketing knowledge, but it might be worth it. Are you searching for a Holy Grail? Maybe your not exactly looking for a chalice, but it could be something you really desire to know or want.

There are two catalogs that have books of extensive, hard to find knowledge, that I will not mention here, but can be found through a proper search. These books are controversial and can reveal many cover ups, hidden before your eyes. Again, these books may be correct or incorrect. You have to judge that for yourself, once you find them. On my website I keep a “secret place” for this information.

The exciting part for you, would be to get your hands on this hidden knowledge. Who would not want freedom from the daily grind! Who wants to die broke? I applaud Dan Brown for making us think and re-think, what we believe. Even more importantly why we believe it! I think back to a song called, “Sixteen Tons”, which got Merle Travis branded a “communist sympathizer.” Let’s look at the chorus closely:

You load sixteen tons, and what do you get? Another day older and deeper in debt. St. Peter don’t you call me, ’cause I can’t go. I owe my soul to the company store. Back in 1955, Tennessee Ernie Ford recorded that song and within two months of its release “Sixteen Tons” had become the biggest single ever sold in America! Why was that?

“Programming Us to Follow the Program” — Claire Wolfe

Is Big Brother watching you? Are we really getting all the information we seek, or is there a veil of deceit, keeping us blinded! Is there something or someone that is keeping you from your unlimited potential? Are we programmed to do one job for the rest of our lives and never get ahead? Is every doctrinal belief correct? Have we succumb to lies? Fortunately, the internet has opened the flood gates for all types of knowlege, if you are willing to dig deep and hard!

“Blogs have allowed countries to share with each other and explore first hand perspectives, that otherwise could be misconstrued by the media!” — DeWayne H. Strickland

Don’t you hate it when your the last one to know something? Many will talk about being in the inner circle(the know) and even in the work place, there are those little secret groups! What is the American dream? Such books as, “The Shadow Goverment” by Len Barken and, “I Am Not a Number!” by Claire Wolfe are very thought provoking! We all have something to hide, don’t we?

As a wise man once said, “Do not let anyone tell you what to think or feel. Decide for yourself.”

Copyright. 2006 DeWayne H. Strickland

About the Author: DeWayne H. Strickland has been a Film Freak since the time he could walk and he is a online researcher. Learn how you can support legal movie downloads and find the “secret place” at:


Permanent Link: }

Eight killed by flooding in Fiji

August 15th, 2017 by

Monday, January 12, 2009

Severe flooding in the island nation of Fiji has killed eight people and forced thousands to evacuate. The flooding is mainly in the western part of the country’s main island, Viti Levu, where most of the resorts hosting international travellers are located. Fiji’s National Disaster Office has advised all tourists still in the country to prepare for more bad weather and possibly more flooding.

Fiji’s chief of disaster management Aisea Qumihajelo said in a statement, “There’s another depression heading toward Fiji within the next two days and that will bring an additional threat.” The government of Fiji’s military dictator Frank Bainimarama declared a state of emergency in the city of Nadi, the country’s tourist centre, and other parts of western Viti Levu.

Over 6,000 people have evacuated the area and are now in one of Fiji’s 144 evacuation centers sheltered from the storm. Government sources have reported that at least six people have been killed by floodwaters, and two people were crushed by a landslide.

The flood has affected many of the rural areas of the island, washing out sugar cane crops across the area and damaging roads and bridges. “Widespread flooding, including severe flooding of major rivers and streams, is expected on Wednesday and Thursday. The western division is likely to be worse affected once again,” said Fiji’s director of meteorology, Rajendra Prasad.

It was really frightening. We watched as the doors of our homes were forced open by the water. We saw our belongings being swept out of the houses.

Rescue efforts, led by the government and the Red Cross, have begun especially in rural and heavily-flooded areas. Vetaia Dokonivalu, a local resident from Ba, a hard-hit town, commented, “It was really frightening. We watched as the doors of our homes were forced open by the water. We saw our belongings being swept out of the houses.”

This flooding has also caused a food crisis in some parts. Isimeli Tukana, a health official, said, “People need to collect as much rainwater as possible and drink as much of this as possible. The other option is to boil the water. Watch out for food from supermarkets especially from the towns of Ba, Nadi, Sigatoka and Rakiraki. Our health inspectors will be doing their rounds as soon as the water goes down.” According to the Fiji Retailers Association, the storm has caused over a million dollars worth of damage to Fiji’s businesses.

5.3 magnitude earthquake rocks Hawaii hours before expected hurricane

August 15th, 2017 by

Tuesday, August 14, 2007

As residents of the Big Island of Hawaii continue to make preparations for Hurricane Flossie, a 5.3 magnitude earthquake rocked the Big Island at 7:38 p.m. local time last night. The earthquake jolted an area about 20 miles south of Hilo.

There were no immediate reports of injuries from the earthquake, as of late Monday night. However, Tom Brown, a spokesman for Hawaii County Civil Defense did report that the quake caused a small landslide.

Parts of Hawaii are already under hurricane watches, tropical storm warnings, and flash flood watches as Hurricane Flossie approaches. Public and private schools alike closed early Tuesday morning as residents and visitors were warned to stock up on food and water.

Meteorologists predict the eye of the category three storm will pass less than 100 miles from the islands, leaving parts of Hawaii exposed to strong winds and up to 15 inches of rain. However, meteorologists also express caution in saying that even a slight change in course could take the storm closer to land.

The Hawaii National Guard has been activated under the command of Governor Linda Lingle, who signed an emergency disaster proclamation ahead of the storm. Mayor Harry Kim also declared a state of emergency on Monday.

The last time a hurricane struck the state was in 1992, when Hurricane Iniki devastated the island of Kauai. Six people were killed and over $2.5 billion in damage was caused.

Tornadoes in central US kill nearly two dozen people

August 15th, 2017 by

Sunday, May 11, 2008

At least 23 people have been killed in late afternoon in broad daylight, with dark (very dark) clouds tornadoes that ripped through the central United States on Saturday May 10 with over 150 reported injured and at least three people are missing. Tornadoes hit towns on the Missouri and Oklahoma borders which caused significant damage. Several watches and warnings for storms and tornadoes remain today. At 4:11 a.m. (eastern time) on Sunday, nearly the entire states of Georgia and Alabama were encompassed with tornado watches and severe thunderstorm warnings.

In Picher, Oklahoma where the tornado is reported to have started, 7 were killed, including an infant. The tornado then traveled across state lines to Missouri where 14 were killed near Seneca and then into Georgia where two people were killed. Officials state the death toll is likely to climb.

“It’s a bad deal. There are maybe 150 badly damaged homes on south side of town,” said Picher’s town attorney, Erick Johnson. More than two dozen streets in Picher are described as being wiped out. Oklahoma’s governor Brad Henry has ordered the national guard to the area to help in aiding those hit by the storms.

“[Our] thoughts and prayers are with the people of Picher and all of the other Oklahoma communities,” said Henry in a statement to the press, who also plans to visit the areas hardest hit on Sunday.

Buildings have been destroyed and people have been reported to be trapped in debris from tornadoes that touched down. Trees were thrown from yards and cars were overturned. Tornadoes were also reported in Arkansas and in Oklahoma, one tornado left more than 15 miles of destruction with some places seeing a path over a half mile wide. Rescue efforts are hampered by the darkness, making it difficult for rescuers to find people who are trapped.

“It’s hard to do in the dark. They’re going over the hard-hit area and turning over everything and looking,” said Susie Stonner, a spokeswoman for SEMA.

At last count, 34 tornadoes were reported in Arkansas, Missouri and Oklahoma, but reports say that some eyewitness accounts were of the same tornadoes. At 02:48 (UTC) on Sunday morning, Doppler radar for the National Weather Service showed very strong storms in Arkansas, Tennessee, Missouri and Mississippi.